Galveston Island – An Integral Part of African American History

When you think of Galveston Island, you imagine its long stretch of beach, delicious restaurants, and water activities. What you may not know is that Galveston Island is an integral part of African American history and home to many historic sites, landmarks, and monuments.

An island that’s full of rich history and endless vacation activities, Galveston Island is a coastal resort city with more than 37 miles of beaches. While you may have read our guide of the Top 10 Reasons to Visit Galveston and understand what the city has to offer, you may be surprised to find out how important the island was to the history of African Americans.

Learn more about the important history of African American heritage on your next trip to Galveston by visiting a few of these sites.

Visit the Reedy Chapel AME Church

With four of the fourteen churches on Galveston being the first in Texas to be organized for African Americans, the historic Reedy Chapel AME Church still stands strong today. As the first African Methodist Episcopal Church, not only is it architecturally beautiful, but Reedy Chapel is also significant for Juneteenth celebrations. On June 19th, 1865, African Americans marched from the county courthouse to the church – a tradition that is carried out to this day!

Walk the Halls of Texas’ First African American High School

Opened in 1885, Central High School is the first black high school in the state of Texas. In addition to being one of Galveston’s first, former students and the community celebrate the school to this day. While no longer a functioning High School, the building serves as a museum and home to the Old Central Cultural Center, which works to preserve the legacy of the school.

Visit the Juneteenth Monument at Ashton Villa

Each year on June 19th, the Galveston community comes together at the Juneteenth Monument to read General Order #3, which enforced the emancipation of slaves. The 9-foot tall bronze statue commemorates the holiday and depicts a man holding the order.

Explore the History of the African American Museum

Outside of this museum stands portraits of African Americans of Galveston, a stunning memorial of the people who played such an important role in the history of the island. The museum has an artifact room that has old photos of original black businesses, articles from newspapers about historic events, and memorabilia of Jack Johnson, the first black heavyweight champion of the world, who was from Galveston.

Historical Marker: The Site of the Osterman Building, Union Army of Texas Headquarters

With more than 200 historical markers on Galveston Island, this marker is placed on the land of which served as the HQ for the Union Army in the 1800s. It was here that General Order #3 was read and stated that all slaves in Texas were free.

If you’re looking to honor the history of African Americans by visiting, Galveston Island has wonderful interactive apps that will plan your entire trip for you. The self-guided American History tour will take you on 22 stops in under an hour and provides the history of each monument you’ll see.

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